The introductory address : delivered before the Law Academy of Philadelphia, at the opening of the session of 1849-50 on the 19th September

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Title

The introductory address : delivered before the Law Academy of Philadelphia, at the opening of the session of 1849-50 on the 19th September

Description

The introductory address : delivered before the Law Academy of Philadelphia, at the opening of the session of 1849-50 on the 19th September

Creator

William Augustus Porter

Publisher

E. Barrington and G.D. Haswell, Philadelphia

Date

1849

Rights

PD, CC-BY. public domain, This book was published in 1849 and is in the public domain under United States law as of posting date in 2012.

Format

RFC3778

Language

English, en-Us

Type

Text

Identifier

Porter_IntroductoryAddressDeliveredBeforeTheLawAcademyOfPhiladelphia_1849

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Text



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INTRODUCTORY ADDRESS

THE LAW A.CADEMY •
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011 lll'hnif of the 1l1t! ll1bc rri of the Law l~adclll~· . I'etur n our ~i llc('rc tlanll ~s ror lite 0.010 a~J in\~. n' .. lt ng; Introductory Adclrc:4!'. dell\'ered before lhelll " II the 19th inst .• nntl rC(lues\ a co py of you fo r puu. lu'atwil. The Academy is indncCtI to ask Ihat puIJ.. li n t.'" lOay be gi\'cn to your Addr 'g, not ollly from a "(III:,ciollsnc::oI uf it'i ,' .. tue to them. os a rnlc of prll· h':<I~l o lial condu ct, o u!. ali b~llI~ an cloq\1c nl. dot'olll' u !",I,'rr the pub lic or l"Orc"ioll ~1 hono" r nnd ill tcg n ' y ,

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In' placing at J ;our Ji l'0s.1 ·~,c<lI'Y or the ,\ .Ior.... delh'ere<! !Je(ore the A.c:uJ~1IY, [ nrn not \\' i~hotll nppro!lOnsiol,l tlmt Y(ll1 wilt find 'it, on cloticr (' i ll:;:;pccli~n, entirely unworthy of the tcrOli; in "lhillh .... )'q\l hn\'c ucell I'lcn.<fd II> 'l)C:lk' or it, ,<.
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Very tfuly yours.


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toil, if- it ,possess ~ny merit, ORflily engages the \ affections. 'l'ho,commoncs\l rewnrds oi sucCC$8 firo
ftllcq 10' .limul.l. Ihe growlh of such 'a ';;'nlimelli. Professio".1 hwour, righlly pursu..J, supplies Ih • wanl" of 'mllny,. cnlnrg;es tho usefulness of olhcr~). and promoles Iho hopp;';••• of oil. fn his hook_, Ihe, pror.~"io nol ,nnn find~1 'rrionus who do \no~ roi)ol' him wilh 'Coldncss, do not Ilelrn~ hi. confidence, rio not wc.ry of i,'"porlunily; who chser him illll;s laoor.;j, who iuSll'uct h~ in, latl duly, :lnd strew .hou :t.iOl ,lh1> irC3SlirClt Of knowledge with !illeml hand, Hi• .cliouls ,noee.snril~' ,supply.!).im il'il11' n nJrioty. nod nccliTRoy of °nformn, ioll :perlnilli.lIg ~u t Ih~r IC.~I!"Clil'o pursuils, \~i9h onoll\e" w:ill nuo i~ illlpmcliCllulo 10 o~lain; an Ih uspro\,ide Ibo me,n.', of jlfustrnlioil for public argumenl,1md of inslruclion J thoso to whom nature lin m~dc him tho 'chiet or ui$pcnscr of knowl~dge. To hi. o,pponenl., -h • • .t"nus·.i ndoblctl for Ih.t quickl\csS oLapprchdn"iou a,ndpromptncKS of action \\;I!ich cons ilute his chief efficiency, and 1101 Joss. for tllcir readiness 10 Ilenr teslimony 10 whale<or is elov.l9d in pur!"""l. or uri!· , lian!> in acl.ic\'cmcnt. • Dul Ihe rcasonaltleness of tho senliment mlls~ , •
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dopo nd on tho dignity or it. object. I p,opo"..o, on 1hift ocCtlSiol1, to consider ~J)OIllC of tb o viows popu· lurly elltertained of the profcs"ion of tho 13\\', ami to exhibit, i nci~ c ntnllJ, some port ion of its titlo to puhlie confidonc-:. My Dim i~ prncticnl. I know notbing IJ<: ttcr filted to chill tho ordor of n gCllcrous millil, li r~ l entering on the prnctico uf th o prl) ro~sion. lh ull
a suspicion llt A in order to aclliot'o en tire suc· t,

cell"', 80mething may he req uired, which 3 sound rCA )lOIl, or n P"tO mornlity, mugt dhsnpl)rO\'c. My aim ilt still OIoro procticnl. S UCCC5.1i it ~ulf is d c rc lld ~ CUi, to n largo exten1, on :In clc\'ated cstim3lC of tho profcs.'l:ioll. P ropnmtion for pructicc labor in cond ucting ii, (uul patienco in discomfiture, nro larso ur:1ughts 0 11 hum nn nnturc. That they enn ho mot unuer a con!\Ciou slI~~. ,h:1.t when the highest ,esult sb. 1I he atuined, it must nccei<S1rily r.1l hulow thnt of olho r pursuil3, C3nnot bo reasonably eX I>ccted. [ will suppo!t(' n mall of sounel unuerstandi ng. uO.oI;irou!S to acqui re ill fonnatioll 011 the sulJjt'ct -hich h•• been p,opo cd. I will ~up rose him elo\':l'ctl n1,O\'u tho snpen)1itioll wh ich woulO cnUf~C lea rning to bo fenroo, and tllo prejudico which would cnu it to be d"'piSC<l. I will suproso him com· potent to . pp,oci.t" tho di fToronce ill \,.1"0 be· tll'con intollectual nnd p",ely phy.icnl lahor. I will suppose him to hn\'o iuformoo himself. ho\\" long ou r present system of In\\~ h3S pre\'niled, wi lhout mntcrinl change. except to exptlnd il elf \.() the lncrcll..'1ing w~n ls of oidliz3tion, ond the progorO)(8 of kindrcu ~ cie n('('s ,
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H snoh ft mon w('ro to require:) Inn-yer tn dt:c1:lro to him tho objects which the I3w I1ro rc~!lcs to accompli.h, he would probnbly be told : ft ••. curei you in tho pos.~ion of your house; it cnahtC1i you to haiti the Qcq u i~itio ll8 of your .industry ; il prcycu18 your neighbour. not only from 6clzmg yuur proporly, uut. from ul'iillg liis own in ,meh a ro,.nne r os to inj uro y ouOi ; it nssi$lS you to buy. \0 ..II, .nd to get .goain, hy pro\'iding thnt tho s",.lIest A(,p rcciahlo fraud shall, uncle r· nil c irCl1m SlnIl Cc~ , i ltfcCl with C:ltal luilll, Wh ulC\'cr it mol' touch; if, ill tho 1r.::lnS3ction of J ou r ~rru jr.~, you em ploy n cle rk or an age nt; it hind;t hi m to lho "tmost URC of his ~kill nll.1 intC<J rity ; if nlly ono fmudnlclltly IlIi~ n~· pr(!:~IIt. tho chnrnctcr of n purehnsor it plncclJ tho f"r:ncr in tho position of tho Jnlter; if n ll y 011 0 injure you r blJsi ncs't by mi:;reprc5Cntti liotl. or chnmeier, lIy the imp uta tion of crime, it. furn ishes the only mcaos of r(.'o rc$S nnd prC\·clll ioli. - lie wOllld, prohn!')ly , go furth er, nnd declore, 11m\. iL afTtmls lhrcmooy, for c\'ery iujury th::tt mny be. in11ict !<l; tltnt not n duty in domcs1ic life, whother nccC!'i~a ry for existence, n:s mnintounncc, or fllted 1t) embellish, 3S iutellectunl cuituro, but. ,eccil'cs it. ('3rc ; that 110, humon colldilio n exists too exohcd for lIs power, or too deg rnc1cd for its protection ; that it nlike bi nd8 l10 w1\ the king nnu tho commonwealth, il nu protectl') the mCI\ O ~i'l t of its own asst'lilonhc from punishment, except. by its own hambi; thnl, in inlHL mc r3blo iu,tnncc.~ it consu mmntc80rer the \-ictims of \'icc nn u disC:UU1. th o~ st,upenc!ous plnn ~ to which tho hnnt! or chnrity fi nds it.elf unequal ; thnt .it

10 Il(\npls il .opeci.1 soliciluoe 10 Iho prolcclion of Ihe rt:rdOJlS :lHd properly of those, who by uge, natur31 inCnl'('IClty, or the want of oiher rrotcctiun. prcstmt tho tl trongQ.'tt claim on il$ cure; thnt, when nccidont or nogligenco hns T endered it uccess3ry I it directs tho Imn8mission of properly .flor Iho oe.lh of Ihe IlOl<SI'ssor, ofientimcK, wi th n morc exnct rTopric'! tlmn ho \\'ou l<l ha\!o d;splnyoo. A bolder lono might he em· ployed :-The "I",nker millh Lch.llens. hi. inlorrOgntor to mCJtlion :t sculcc..ll",,' of mUUfC which tho. muniei",lln\\' ~on lrave"es; " soci.1 dUly which il.l"" nol Otln to enforce; a wrong to JSOCioly, down to gamill!!', borrowing money to gOIlll', or ;ntcnlpcr:Hlcct which il tloe. nol nim 10 rCl'rc><lJ, If ho dou~led, leI him nltcmpt enfurcing: tho rt<:rfoTIIHlIlCO of 11 con,mel wh ich hafi the riulatioll of n moral dllty for its SU I)purt. Thn chnllenge Alight. U cXlOl1dml 1 tho pro-C 0 .Iucliun of 1\ principle, iJimling to tho uttCr:UH of '.c truth, 11:11, forlJidcJilig lho ~upprcsdoll of truth. \\ hich il ,1""$ not pmclicaIlY'lIoOJ'I, If he ,IOU"lc,I, let hi. H11i" be iu,;urlJd, nlld tll) iml)()rHl1IL fact S ll pp re!'l~utl , ttl' hi~ 1I8r$\0 fIOltJ, oml n fol~c wnrrullly gin.!Il, :Hul hu , wOlIlJ 00 ill the highro.1u to uisco" ry. In fine, nu offor might ho reiterated, in tho ~I'iril or thnt memoraoll! eulogy, which IlfIs IIc"er 1>000 fouud o"('r· wrough l,-a ljood lawyer can show to be law whnl. an)' other man cnn pro"o to be right. \\'0 Co 1n anticipate the rejoinder. If it cmUodiN lhe poplllnr iden, il wOIII<l prohnbly be COII "CY"" thus: "Your profession IHI~ faih:d to 'lccoIlWIi:-h il~ (lroper object. JudgC's 311cl l:twyrrs, yielding to the n;uural tendency of iutellectu31l'uTr;uits 10 subtlety, ,

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hn"c Uocn carried illto unncccssnry T eJincmenl. The re:sull i,", thnt justico is sacrificed to form, nnd to the policy of ' U SlOining prc-eslnulished rul08," 13cfnro llisCUSl'i llg the '!uaslian IUUS presonled, Iho trulh of Iho followillg proposilioll8 must be ... umed: 1. Tho profession is nccessary, So long as Iho law j. the ollly harrier ogAin5t force, it will bo nccc&s3ry Iho t n chIs" of mon should be exclusivoly dovoled 10 Ihe SIUOY of ils prillciples. This is as much requi red 3.< Ihe dh'ision of lo bour in any dop.rlment or ~cicnco or nrt-:1$ much, n..~ that one sot of ortizal1s should ~o em ployed ill making Ihe hull, n 80cono 11 10 engi no, nnd Il thiro tho riggi ng. nnd not the ~:une set in con~\ructing 30 entire stc:lmship. 2 . It. i~ tllO interest of those chiefly instrumental in perpo",alillg Ihe profO-'Sion of Iho low 10 perfect it. To jJeo~!\e it, is to destrt'y' it. The point of itil highr.st lllc\'otio lJ, h;: that at wlJiclJ it y ields tho 13rgcsl roward of hOllor .nll.molumont. C<>nd"clon Ihe p.rl of ils practitioners, fitted to dcprcSH it below this point. prc,/,qlpl\()~CS a F;pirit of self-sncrifico, to which nntural diffidence, or SOIll O other cause, has heretofore prc'·cl1lcd them from mAking claim, In other woru:t. 10 ""PllOll"' body of mcn, ,.hoso highest profit il is to ... Im·alo their ()CC tlpBlioll, cnpnbte of degroding it, wl,"11 iLis conceded Ihoy huvc Ihe .uilily 10 porcoh'o their true interest, is conlrary to our experience of human nnturc, 3. So c:ttensivo a science as the 1:\ \\', aud the mooco( its reduction to practice, cannot l>c nr.eurntcly eSlilllnlcO in n moment. A criticism 011 Iho m... inco"sidcrn~lo work of orL wouh' pos~ lillie \'olue ill Iho eyrs of men of In~IC, if Ihe

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:lutl:",r wcro .cRndid enough to n\'o\\' that ho hDd

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.. ex:aminoo it but. inrrequrntly, nt short inter\·als. and III n great uiRt311ce r(~m tho oujcct. T,he testimony of Iho h"mhlost .rli""n, who had Ion ufl"n it Ih. C mco of his labour, woull1, \0 n diseriminnting \liuc mind, carry ~upcri or (orce. 4. 'fhnt which is dim. cuh or comprehonsion, shou ld not be b",nded n. ~nbllo nod lI !lcle~:i, Many of our 111 000t fnotiHor ideas: ilro 1.hoso which, ill their nccl'!isitioll, causcd most perplexity nntI C'oufusion. h. woulu be C:I y, by going Onck lmt :1 R hort distance, to refer, in iIIustratioll, to ninny n \\'cll~reIl1C ln bc red nlilthcmAlic31 proulem,-uut. I hn\'(). no right 10 excite snch llll · plcm 'IUt emotiolls. T in: rcoollcctiollif of thnt, nnu tho results of more ~cn c r31 experiencc. should ren· ,Icc mcn cnutiou:o' ill COJ)o t'mliing thut which they I\U\'!} failed to POJoi!iCS:I, the inclination or opportun ity of thoroughly Ulldcr:.tnntli ng. h is nccCSS3ry to asccrl.3ill the scope of the \'it!w wh ich I h,\'o sup p<>SC(1 10 I,. expressod. I do nol ullder~tand it 3 grounil of oujection, thnt. tho truth nm) utility of legal principles nro not, in e\'ory instancc, ob"ious c,'cn to 3 clenr mimI. Tbtlt would olllbmco n wide circlo, holh or Iho principles of scionce, And the works of nrt,-Iho produotion!; of rt.mSOll :lnll imaginntion. It \\'oulJ blot out n Jurgo p,rl or mel'physical philosophy. It would pass censuro on most or Iho li be",1 oris. It would lose us II.c boat pass. gC8 in poclry.-I 00 nol o\'on undcrsl..'llul it. oi>joctcd , lhot mnny of tho legal rules, pursued ond insisted on, 3re purely arbitrary in their chnrncter, and commended O\'er others, by no

, sauncl renson, ~xcepl , in some infJlnnccs, n SUPJlO~ilion, pcrhnJlS ~ mlstnkon onc, of their com'onicnccsoch .$ Ih. di~linct rorms or .clion requ ired 'for slighlly diff",e.nt injuries. Th~8c nrc quit. as reasonoblo ns lb. rulos which reglll"o Iho quonlityor \·cr.., or Ih. num hor of . cls in n pIny. A "qlUQlO ber~ro mc, shall sllggeSt iIIuslrnlionsor what is me.nl Suit is. insliluled (or n sum or money due moro Ihnt; SIX ycars; th e defclldont admils he cOlilracled the debt! docs not allego its paymont ; hos tho mCQus to POy II ; bUI Ihe low does nol compel hi m. I rt filin" the. cop' pf a promissory note, nn unimport:1nt word ~ 0 ,,11 lied ; Ihe suppo.ed c.py i~ held a lIullily; judgmcnt ~annot bo rOlldoroo ror tho plaillliff; n 1 0.'" meritorioUS creditor steps in, nnd the former loses Ihc debt An , clion is brought ror Iho .mount or a Irnd~ man'~ bill; the plnililill'K reecipt ill f,,11 i. offered In eVidence; 1Iu knows the iustrumont to be genuine; his namo has been written l.nlt. seldom ' O? modo of pro\'ing it exists, nod tho Inw ns.c:isl~ h~m to roc.o~e r mO lley which hns onco heen paid. 1 ho c1epoSlllon or a witlless no\\' dend is oO"red in ~"idonco; no douut. exists as to tho truth or perhncnGY or Ihe slnlomulIl; hut it nppenrs th.t Ihe IXlth \\'n~ not ndminister;cd. until nfter n portion of Ihe losllm.IIY had bcell c.mmitled 10 wrilillg' Ihe deposilion is excluded, alld no olher proof of Iho r,CI cnn bo obtained, Counsel are salisficd Ihn t a wilne!.. I~M leslified . rolsely; on Ihe subject mailer Of Iho 8UII, he comnllts no "hlllder; nsk him n ques· " ' n col\olcrollo Ihnl, nnd he rnlls inlo wilrul error ' on;,r 10 pror. Iho rul il] or hi. lasl an wrr, .nd

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\hcn~ to infer thot of his en tire testimony, nno you

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II,ol/$ond. for one IIIIII/Ir.d, doll.rs? lVhot seourit y to my properly, if tho mnn who dosired to effect it by nty liigll31urc, wero rclio;cd, in o.ny in$to.ncc, ftom ,he.n~ccssity of pro\·jug it? ' Vhat advtlnUJgo ii, clothing n Justice of tho Peace with power to uctl!rmino in what ptlrt of 3 deposition a witnol1s sh.1I testify lInuer oalh, nnu ill wilDt wilhout it ? If the nnS\\'cr to " collaternl quest jon might. be contra· dieted by olhor lestimony, how stop 8hort of delorn neighbourhood, ill the same mining thn nffnirs -cause, alld without tho knowledge of thO!:iO most nr~ fectoJ by it; or how probable that 3 just opinion would 00 formed by Ihe jllry of Iho r.cts lhoy were c3lk'tl to try! H n Il3rty wero permiued to 8ust:.i.} hi:j cnuse hy nil instrument in which nn cmsuro nppeurcd, what 1\3fc.ty to nny .0"0 in executing n wrinon paper! If n written ngreomeut deliooratcly entered into . hall not. contro1 tho !Suhject, what utility in committing it to writing, or what< refuge from the ignorance. en price, or dishoue.i1y of casual bysL:llldcr.i? T he principlo is obrious. If I submil lo the Inw, :\nu a sume my proportion of the burden of maintaining it, in consideration of its protection. ~ Ions os [ perform the stipulation on my part, I h(\\fe a right to its absoluto prolection,-ho\\' much soc\'cr oth(!rs moy ~ufTur (rom ignorance or disrcgnrd of tho form!C which nro o!jllo,IIi8110 my sDfety. Alid Ihe princi ple is O(I Ually sound in rea!<01I nnd morols. If I c,lter into the si mplest contract with any onc, he is bound, witbout regnrt.l to tho cOIn'cnioncc of others, to I )r~ teet mo from the injury which \\'ould result from his failu re of porformance.

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nro Q \'crruled; tho witnC's,c; ill belioved, and tho cnuse :s )ost. You ha\'o bou~ht. n housel Bnd oulnil1oo pas-. sessT6n; 3n erasuro is detected in a malerial po,rl of the deed, of which no uote wns modo before execution; tho instrument, wllhoUI olher,proof, pnssc~ for nOlhing. uit arisos in relatioll to the pGrformnllco o( un :uticle of agreement ; nn alTe r is mado Jo sho\\' thtll, w!Jen thc.. pnllCr \\'33 ~ign(,'d , :1 verb:ll ngreement o~ n parlioulnr point wn~ clltered into oy the purtles; tho court say, we do not find 11.. ill tho illstrumCllli nod the wrollg onco morc triumphs. To go further, woulu 00 10 cite n ,'olum. of reports. Do you call lhi ~ tho il{ltninistmtion of jU$tiec 1 Is thi~ whnl you mann by enforci ng the princil)lcs of mornlity 1 Iit tloio nil ),our profession has llCen "ble to 00, after ~mo ce nturies of c(fort, to Ilro"itlo for the honest sculcrncllt of humnn conrro\'orlty? Let Wi Jlot hu precipitate. A competont Judge, hdoNi pronouncing a uccisioll. would dc.si" to "henr ru from the other ioe." A hill of merchDndite is bought allo paid for; after tho L1en.h of tho portie:! . acquAinted wilh tho lrallsuction. suit for tho price is
hrong ht aguinst tho ' huyer's cxoculors; tho receipt, if lnken, hos been mislaycd; what inju ti~c in nllow~ iug tho seller:\ long torm of years for tho assertion

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of his ciuim, or what rca~oll in granting him moru than tho lifetime of c\'ery purly then living, in which to make it? In .filiug Q copy of a promissory 1I0 1C, what justice, whnt ad\':mwgc to my credit, or ",hn.l encouragement to general accurncy , to allow a plain tiff to writc- oue montI" for olle year, or Olle

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DU1, nro not thcc"jpclions which pr~\1m,o unnece.~ . ~ ry strictness of form, gonemlly o,·crst.."licd, in point or rnct? Take, ror cxa"'ple, tho onost nbul<Cd of nil ,uojont in this respcol, Special Pleading" ;\vh~ ~r6 its lc:uJing rule.~? That.. the plea cont~un pcrt1 ~lIl maller i. thot an immaterial point bo not tlc~\lcdj thut it be rrco (rolO duplicity or idca .IId pl;r;nscology; thnt W1U:Hl timo, pl~cc, (Jlmlity. qlinlility, and ,olue are iutroduced, they should be specified wilh colH'cnient cerloiut)'; that it should not contain onc sbtcmcnt repug nnnt to nnolhur; lhilt. ullllccc.ssarj' nvc:Olcnts should bo a"oido,l, , ,' C, If wO loavo out tho ,dcn o( orn:uncnl, what arc the 0 hut lo)cmlJlo guiJes for wrilint: English 1 Could :m C$..-1y in tho (K.octnlor, ' h:n'c hc:cn written ill oi. rcg:ud of thorn ?-Nor ought the ide. I!t ornamollt to be nllowoo too muel! d... uUlIlon. I (owcvor the lS(1l!ech,cK uf Durkc, or tho sermons of n obert 11all, might lend us to r~ct:ln.l it :'IS n ccu~~ry, DUll er and EdwDrUlt, not to mention our 1Ilo~l db.tinguhihcd legal writers, 11<\\'0 8\lown i ~ by no llI'calls o.;;50"li:.\l, C\'('O to ngrccaulo writing. T oko .hesuhject o(1"'idcncc, ill" hieh (r(luo onust he: allowed most pmctic.'lhle, and the imlucoment to prc\"cnt it stronHc~t. Is thoro unnecessary rignr here] Tlmt a witllC!tS shall state filet IlUU Hot infer· cnce ; that he shnll st:He that oilly which i~ r~lc"3I1t 10 l ho i. 'lie ; Ihot ho sholl frl;pcnk from IllS own knowlcd.rc, and m")t from thu' JtnowlL'dc;e of other:;:; th:\t ho ~hall not. be $0 interrogated a$ to indicate the dc<i rcd answer; that tho lx'st c"itlencc which 3ppcarg to exist 61&311 be {ir:tt olTored, anti no olher, .111111 .he production of the funller .hnll be pro,'ed ,

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impossible; .hnl the burden o( proof shnll re!I on the parly who makes tho nneg.tion i Ih. superiority of wrinen over ami testimony; tho \'olue set on the admissions of n purty nn",1 thoi r exclu~id ll , \\~hen procured by the prcscutulioo of, wrong motives; tho Judicial notico tnken, wilhout the necc ity of _ proof, of that wide r"nyc of fncl <ill which the dange r of fm ud is small i the ,·ariou$ mooificntionl' or tho prin. dpler that. n mon 's o\\'n :rct. or declnrntion shall not be rccei,-ed in o"idencc in his own r,.wour; whnt aro these, and other rules of cddoncc, but dictates of thu sotlHd f1:il CO lllmOn ~en~~. !.ct it firfit he $11 0Wll , tllM UII honest mnn shnlln t ~nffcr by their relaxntion, heror. it be cOllcluded, tllnt scienco hM lJccn pushed 00 far in th uir COlistruction. If we. consider the dislinctions drn"'" between t he I UW!IUd the fu cl, and tho distribution of powers modo between the courl :HlU jury, we shall di~o" c r ns liulc for tho t1i$\pproh3tiou of re3501l. Irong ad ,'Oo cates of It ch:lIIge of the prese'll sJstem h~\'c usunlly IlCOII (ollnd (lind 1""h31" will eontin"e to be) nmollg counsel for pl:tintilTs. when \'e.rdicts ha\'c gone for] defondants, nnd contr.tri\"i~c. ''l'llat the action or the lur : is tOO frequently the re~uh or ignorance or (·AJlricc. must be concrdr.d; but the sys1cm conteK to ,"us eommended by too high nn antiquity, 'constit utes 100 ,'ital a port o( Angl ... , OXOIl IiherlY, nnt! J'OSSC'ISC' too onany ndvnn13ges, to ntlmit tho possibility o( os~on ti nl chnnge, Its chier excellence is cosily dis, cornible,- it presents 110 mark (or populor "iolonce, Jlldges mny shielo the,"",h'es behind Ihe doings o( their predecessors, bllt • pormono"t lJoel)' (or tb.
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lIothiJlg to his own personal chnrBcter,-nothing to his proflWfion,- notitiug to publio virtue? • uch doctrines, it may w.n Un supJlOSCd, would require more tlulU the authority o[ a great name to secure . their adoptiun. A com mOil re.~uIL to the CRUSO, tbe ,..h ·OC310 and Ihe praCe. :Sro < would' expose, ir not their C.II.oy, .1 leost !heir imprncticnbility. It is a more just Kcnlirnenl, thnt he who possesses power of ony kind, hold_ it no n Irusleo Cor j)lhers,-.nd the onien or ttiC' :ui\'Oe.1ta furnishes no excepti~n to llie rule. .. • . • A o'lcotion of sumo inler""t pr""cnts itselr aftbis point: Can a lawyer. ill o\'ory co,gef ACI. honostly t1nd cOII:;CiCliliou. ly? ~f UlJl. not ono side be right and the othor wrong, ami :lrO not the chances abundnntly In (rn ·OUf of his knowing when ht) is in the wrong l 'rhe lalO .r ndge Hopki nson, in tho ,,1.ce I 1I0W ocoupy, !nore thnn twenty yen rs ago, presented an nnswer to Ihi!; question. Tilo conclusion at which ho arrived IIlny ho rcnched by 0 somewhat different procCJIS· The nnturu of tho cn!je~ litigated in courts of justice i. not g"norally .pprchended. 1 do not .peak '!,C Ih ' ill$I:lnce.~. in which timo r6r the payment of I IIOUe\' i" desired uy 3 defend>lnl, where judgment i:-; taken b\' der.'luh, nlld tho legnl proceedings arB lI1ntte r of "form; Ilor of tho!'!o which - fetmlt from inexperience or orror,-commonly 31onoo for in so ample a m3nner, n~ to pro vent their recurrence \,'1 lh tho ""me prnclitioncr. 1 refer to CMeS usually trit:d in cOllrt,- in tho \'a~L mnjority of whioh the «Iuudest IIl1derslnnd ing might bo challenged to protlounc~ a judgment. S3lisf3clory even to i\$Clf. To

deternlin3tion of focts, waul" poorly wi~hstnnd tho : discontent which it. would provoke. Tho instant of ' the rcnclilion oC n verdi ct is Ihnt oC th. dis pc",iou oC . tho lriuunni,-ncvur ngnin to be convoked. Twch'c seporalo rio18, ill lIS mony diffe rent porlions oC Ihe county, would orrord ~rTlJlle time to tliu m()1l;t cn1l1ious and doliberalo lIeriff Cor cOlllrh'ing n lIIode oC pre, \,ontion.
It timo thnt we consioer the conduct of the /" causo · in courl,-which will IJrillg up for cX:lmino· tion qucslions of a clifferent charncter. By whot rules !thoU tho ot.lvocpte rcgultHe his conduct! Do your professional ethics uppro\lc s~ch principleg a~ the following: "'11:1\ an nc) \'ocnw, by Iho l'tacrCti dillY which he owes his clien1, know~. in th o dl~ch3r!!~ of thal office, bu! 0110 person ill 11.1~ \\'orlt.l : that cli~' n l. anu nonc othe r. 'ra ~:\\' e litnl lchcnl hy nil expet!u:·nt me:\n~,-lO protect Ih:ll clicnt at all ha~1rd!f tim! COSI~ to «11 others, ::md among others to Ilimsclf,- Is the highest. :md mo L unqucstioned of his dlllie.., ; ~nd he HllIst lIot reg-n rd the alarm-I he sulfuring-tho lor~ lOulll-tho JCl'Jlr uction, which he mny lmug 11I)On 3ny other." the Ihe..-te the appro\'ClI 0l3Xim$ of \'our craft r \Vh ell such n coursC! may ooneJit the ~Iicnt, !Shall ho not spnro a WilllU~i who has no reply 10 his atlack ? . ' hall he no\, kllOw his Ilrofcsf.:innni brother, who h:1 :\ rcpullttion to presc n ·c 1 Has lhe oppo,situ party 110 riqlll;ol to 00 r<-gA rded ? I:i: no rcspoct due to the court,-1I0 f3irncSl; 1 the jury.9

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iIIustrote this by practic.1 examples, would be lo ciUt an ~ ,ltiro lrilil.Hst. To those fumiliur with tho prCh~ cce<JinWS of court., the rernark will rOlnmend itself. With nlliho evitionce befpre him, II i. su ffi eienlly hn ru for ,any omft-all thos!! wlro\ hnve served , as ju rymen could nttC8t..!..to ruiOcrtuiu the truth. How sholl ho, when he t:1nnol, by on\' tin, know morc thonl tlui\. which l,e,,~ on one sid ?"':"' Vhcn thl' nd\'bcoto cornCK to tho.tril,ll of the cause, whot i:; he to do l' T o sWl(J hil'l clicnl!'; po~i tioll with ell'a rness; to mil rshn~ the fnclS whicQ stlPllOrtit, in Iho lI~t efTcclh'c order; to elicit the tnllil from an oppa. ing \\'hlle ,or to discollcert an uu n,il" one; '0 a:ico rtnin. tho relative weight of confli~ling sl:ltomcllts ; to presont. th e proller inferences from the entire le!l:lirnony; T ;tud'to 3pply 10 Ihe solulion of Il,e facts, Ihe cslablished 11rilloiplos or law. \ Vero lhzlL not a mbSl rastidions; tnornli1y whioh should' pro::cl'ihc ~lIch an (!Ulploy~ 1110111 r r. thi. ' n ' skelobfj'rom real lifu•.or I > 'prodUCI of iml.igiuntion? 'Do'" you lell U~, thnt ~och iutJa~ fin d any rcul i:t.l iOI~ i u the Hewnl rr:\clil!l! of t hu IlfOre:otsioll ? U " r\rc the u.ulies which th e posilioll of.m !"Uh'oc:lle iw· I~ crer ' thus dittcilargC<l, or the rig hts which h C'-onrors e\'f:lr th\l)\ uxerci:;ctl ? \\" h~.t i~ this hnt a. stale rt; nu~tioll (lll .IHIIl}tlll U:l1 lfre? ,lVluu dutic$ :\TO crer perro(:ttyili lic llUrgc~l, t)r ,·jg'h ts~mpC!rly c.xcroi:o:(!d ? ~\ rc 1101 aU our li1-,tcs and npllchlf.':S :It.ust·u? Is 1I 0 l every prh'n 'gi), .. p~~($)nJlI, · ial, and IR,lilical, :11 one lilll(l or o~he r. lIQU)\UU r Is not u\'cry 1:~ cnl1y . l!hp;ic:\l, morni, und V iutcllucttml, wit lt " whit:h lIaluro~ hm; on· qowcu us. at o~u tiUlc.~r ,01 It 'r, miseuti".loyed? In tllu

i~'), is ~p po rtuuily 10 do wrong.-yol ho w mao hrenohe. .of fnith are heard of! OIlSor~e al.:'O, ho\\O ::;cnerally his worst eno", nre 011. . the sid!! or dUly. ', Whal is pel'$onnl friend. hip. or polilicnl ~n licct i o o, or the ~cinl positton of n witness, ..when h6~hows hirnselr nt:ejudiced or ulnrilling? Doubt. I."". di:.sler i. Ihns frequenlly brought on Ihe CRuse; r , b'uI whlll 0110 O principal has ' rcnsoll 10 complain of .
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'lr mo".l olhers

"n.~ of tho Inwyer, observe h " ,'aslly superior 10 thnt W

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his 'Ilgen~ doing toojOuch ?

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'rhe ground on wj, iC".Doppo.<ilc view of IhoJegnl charact()r rests· is o unsolig. The true qucstioh i ,
whether 1 cminen!iy successful Inwycr niny be u '"

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I'ur.ly j~t' l ,hall ? If Ihis be established, I am 1101 nwnm tholt , \~ ho.t ny other 'Pan may choose to dOt
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anti ill Q,l'\lcr 1'0 relieve himself lay 10 Ihe chargo of his prufe~sio ll , would n(l"cct. the logical nccurnpyof ~oj !... tlwsta tclllcnl. b it ~lori s i t.not: 'Vh~~csp.lfI~ wc ~Iook fo r tho tvoof of t ~? . Unhapptly, i:.yn~o n, Ihe ,",at of d 110 hMh. w tliin a fow doys,' be~n ,SCI 10 a ! r:lct, which, 1lI0ro than A l the powe r of words. nttC$~ l 11,0 trUlh of tho proposition, '1 ~o, nol desire to ,tronch 011 lht! l) rcrOgutl\le of his contemporaries, nor to nnti· cil.:lle lhn '" oice of tho rt'ligious'1.cnchcr, but it would I~ un.scemiy. at :iuch n lili l !!, on suoh n subje9,t, nhd ill tlte mid,! of ",.ny who enjoyed his friendsh ip n",1 l",truelion, to omit 10 d~clnte how lorge n, debt tHe professfon of the In\\' owes to "CUAUNC£Y and his 3.550· ciat~, for the chnrnctcr: fo r integrity wi th which they irn l".s.' ed it . •H o . ssisl.d to bind log.lher..the ideas • la \\~yt!r-" and f~ honest n'mo," in n union whioh, we ..
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'moy hopo, sh.lIlong rcm.in unbraken. Hi$lirc while it co u\' ill ccd the understand ing , like th e n~!I\J1t or tbe cleareA t pruulcm, diu more thn ll thalt-it shot. tho truth
into tho heart both of la wycr 3mI lay mall l that ~ be

Tho youthf,,1 'brti8llVill seldom study without profit
tbe great picture which hiM life presonts.*" [ return 1 the g eneral Imbjoct j and procec(] to 0 ('oll:o'ider tho dcci ~iou of Ihu C3U~C by the Court. lly
",hM proc\.."S.1 ~h 3 11 tho Iii\\" of the CMe be 6Cttled ?

hiCfhuSl l'roflJ-~.;ionnl ulo \'atioo, go fa r from rC(luiring lh~ 8110ri lice of morn l princi ple. may repu,iu 011 it with :uifHl iolltll diglli ty. li e JiLl morc j he JlrneticoUy :-.howcd, th:'l the :rome JH:lII mray di~cll:.lrgc the sc,'crcsl p n>re&.~ion:,1 JUlIe-s wi d l the most :ocrupu luulS exact· IIC:'''!, ulI lI III the RIl 1I11J l illl u do much in d ilrUiO\ ng- ahou t 111 1t! I hu cldri tics or lif!!, ill cousuli ng luisrul'tuut!, nile· vblillg 11i~lm."'1i, nlill rcduGiuS the SlI l! : of hUlnan mi:;cry. T o cure so la rge u husillC...... ,-to aUnet tho rnc rchll ul, the I'tliil'l'er, the uwner 4 rcat CJ;tatc, lf th e IlIcchu.uic tho da \·.lnuunrtJr, ti l\' tr U:o'h' c uml thu ' J • t cxctUIM, und 10 con villce thelll hy cXIH ' lIcc Ihn :.m th ey could obtain 110 more \'aluablc ~n'ic(;~ dt<>C wherc" rC'1 uirud c.Ji 'Ii ngui:lhcu l1 bilily; lIawr:1 t' \ CI~ II C':S . ~r 1 temp"r :HlJ cordiu lil), of m:anltcr, were U:-.I luI II1 lac!h. t{ttin~ bu:-i lloss ill lcrcour 'u; but wh :.t l I'roporlloll woultr (C umin of that ":lSI l'itructurc W IIl \' !1 he h:LS rt.r.lretl for our 'C ()utul11plaljQrI, If W wen..' uhlig .. to lJ ",} make dut.i ncliolls for itl fhl~li l y to ollgngC In L'III I'l , incons i a li C in friclIltslli p, or lhe~c uora l UUSUIICl! 0 " \'irl ue ~ I IUdul ~u ill 110 uuncees. uy CIlCOll1iU fU. l nlcrch' autlucu it wiIIlC:i<l. The falllo uf Chaullct"." is :ia fe whcro il HOW rO:;I:4: inlho rt!:lu lts of his neti\·... lHmC\'o · Jc nec, in the prinoIJllt!:'! he a~~i :;'oJ to Clitnuli"ih , in tile menlory of the (ricnps whom he col.lIIsel1cli. ill the
hamh of tlios.! nu merous studcnls of the I~w, who ruc(s h'~J frolll hi lllthoir 6r$t ill!;lructioll illl hc ~cic ll ec,

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$10,,11 it h" duoiueu in conformity to a principle c tab. .. Iishod ill SOUle prccctlillJ; nC n, and IJccause . Ihe lio prillciplc hUll been so cgt:'1lJl ishcd 1 I.s this noi to IlC rpf' WalC crror ? ' Vhy not rUrgU the course C tu.lttpted ill uti olher illlluirie!oS nfter truth, and nllow the Jutlgc 10 decide tho cnuse on those grou nds which commend tl.olllscl\,cs to his own mind ! ' Vhy !U \' II ' OWII rtmson nt thl! feet of onothcr ? \\that \\~re 1II0ra l, political, or uny othor science, if it · 1:I\'cslig:Hklll lt ,(.cru c('Introllcd. to !lny extent, by ~tlch :1 rulu? T he :llIgwcr is ob\'iou!J. The ttl,,c...:prricm,:c$ no terror SO '·rcat as tha i of her Own 1II111lstcr. T he g reut elTort has beet} to bind him dowli by OOIlUS frolll wllic.h he could IIO clScnpc. t T hi .. ;t Jl I K!u r~ to tH;' rig ht, if Ilc b(' uuju~t, for thcli be might upturn the ~y~ll'lO by ~~t roying puulic confi. .Ienee in it ; nud mort: Ml, if just, for tlren he ehould not ho rellui rcd to lJoar 1'0 g rcul n burde n, as would be othcr w il'>~ iltl POliOO 0 11 him ; 011(,1 lI ot much less so,
,. W bt' ll :111,. 11I'\~(,ll l adJ rt1' \\~ IlfCll:IrN. If a:t't:mcd p~ bt~ ' IhM ~olnc J1ublie otCllf!ion W (lulti be ,oken to ( O rnemor:H(I the ln riml!!'s of Iho II ~tcQ !cd . 'fil ii! lans since ~C II done in n IIc rm O Ii , I(,)h, ~·tt~tl L~' tI,\,! n ~, \·. Or. Hocu Jllltm of lilt' P,\.,. b)' u·rian Ohurel" which .) ;un' iu(OflllcJ , i$.iu Ill!,) COUtl(' of P tl Wi~l ioll. l .tn ron . (c rt in~ :Ul o1Jfl£ution on die r rorcnion:ll n"3I!N. wL ile I indulge ;I ("'t'ling or pri"L\tc fr icn,IJlhip. by poilll ins his OltemiO to Ib:u ll di3(~IItI! ~', II 1I1/101lS' Ibe Wyh,·tlI cllim" which Ihe 1 U 1 I,tit hn.s mn\le h' C'1« l'!l.It.: I tl~' t1i1Untler or Iltt·lIa r.

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:lmJ 11 0 \'0 since: all~ illod ilnpO rl:lut positioll:) in society.

if II \\'~re rossiblo (or hi m 1 bo neilher, (or Ihe 0
COIIl"l'CI UCIICCfS

of c:tl'rico wou ld he. :ccarcrly teM (;llal thnn l ho~e of \\'r~llI ~ iU hHlliou. T his eXI') llIiulS It ",J s'noothcs UO\\,II what pllih':;:lophy IlIi:.;ht uthe r· \\'i ~c slIIm lJlc at ; Hall ioly. Ih:n nll1rt", aro rrc(I'Jl~ II' ly fu uut! cOllcediuu tim HllfCU:UJlHtl,lclIC$:S :uuJ U ~ . \'ell (lhsll nli tv of n pri lH~iplcl and yet dctcrnulIIll g 311 1tll por t~l ;ll CVli1 f O\' e rl'lY lJy re-aOi rmiug it. J.t is beltor for tlocicty, wherd flO lOo n ,i ", roll:'; IS d Olle, thus to prct'cn'c, a~ (il r ;IS pos.',ilJle. the dorni n io~, of the law O\'O r the J Ulj ~CI un l;rokcn t than to rchc \'e ~u~cs of int..l h·hlual harl.l,.;I,i p, 11C),,"c\'or :tcutu. [f we ;cllel.:t thai con tracts har e l ~clI fo rmed, ri ghlS aefl ui l"\!(l. :lIut ru...:ponsihilitit.:l; incurred, on the ftl ith of th e- P ls i lh·d .. i!lll, we 1411:.11 I'c rcai \'o more clearly tll(' ctJrr.'clO("i" lit' th e cnur,.;,', A suhj~et of low lur cOlll l'lnini h :l:S veen found in the rU " e~lt f adjutlt;t',j C;IR"S, ~I r. G rce l\l ~"f'• . I:tlkl rs Iln \'u :<IIOW t11111. Ihe I' rurc:-~io n h~~ If!1o:li II) II t.!tllI ll'ia i ll (If UII Ih i:oS l'Il;Ur U thllil it ~IIPfl0:.:.e~, u n ., ccd iUlr IIIlI II l1 ml,,::r la rgcr. h",," lives ' he ~C ICIi CU III llsll In:' COfIlI'(are, in thi lf retipee., with other ~il.!lIcC whi ch depu llt l eithe r OTI moral or dcmollsl rntl\'o reagO lling? \ Vh ul. would the ropu'M ioll Q n rn cd ir"l f ad d :icr be \\'" rlh, \\' ho liliouhl troat discftse on the prillciplc.o( rcco!' ni1.l:tI thi rty yc.., r6 ~i n cc ~ \Vllo 'luot(':S ill polit ~31 ccollomy nt lhis day tho writers of th o lalit, or the hClJi nlling of the prctlcnt cent ury ? \ 11 wha t school of I1wral::o w(luld tho i!oc trint':ot of Paley, once ~) unc..lisputctl in their SWi'l)', t~ t:LU,:;ht without quali fic..1 tio n , 111 in tellcctu ~1 pl"lo~phy, whic h hound:') the Io.w on another Side, nod I~ SO

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inler«o, e" wilh il as 10 rende r Ihe lin. o( boundary indistinct, the main bl1sino:s., of each writer seOlll:- to IHu'o Ocell, to wri te dO\\'1\ wh ntever hilS immcdillte prM.lcccssor hnd advanced. \ Vhy griO o\'er nil \'" incidcllt of 311 Icnming! 'Vhy make it C<luse of ' complaint, thnt n oonch ed ucated in a different m llllncr rrom their p rctlccc:;sor~, !should IIOt alway!\ l.H.: alii" to coi nciJo in the rj:)uH~ lIing or tho Inucr, or thut. thoy should 11 01. themsel " C$ :'1l ways eUlC rtt'lin the sam l' riu\\l' 011 a :iuuject, on which , it lOa ' 00, time anti cxporiellce are oit!'using n I'uluallie lighl ?
T here Arc immcdio.tc iuuuccments 10 the 81udy of Ihe I:tw whid t 1 ollghl. not. to concludc withuut li re-S 'uling. • ,\ co mmon O h81'u.:lc to tho prosecution of intolh'c tua l porbu i t~ ite thei r remote beariliit on the proctic" affai rs of life. 1 do 1I0t ad verI 1 1.:1 elTecl 011 0; tho !;onernl diffusio n of kno wledge. but on the mind of tltu stutie nl himsol f. T he q U0s1ioll if( consti'lntl.\· recurrillg,-whnt gOOtJ 1 \ \'ho the OcHer or all this! lI o\\',.when, who re, and to what, apllty this k now~ tcd"c! In tho :,lud \' of the Inw, tll CSC inqui ries ., hn\'o no "laco, Bn.·ry principle which the student IS ns(tuircd to cOlll prohcntl hns sprung from a case which has :actuall y occurred, aud which has beell l·ontC~lt.'<.I nud dec·jtk'i.l. T hnt it hIlS ocourred is sunicicul reuson til at it mny occu r fi"nin. \Vh H th ll l' ..t .:C docs ur i~c, it c(fec~ not. :an ahstract.. qUC~a ! iO Il, alJout which men 111 ;\)' lliffcr in O I}illioll, whether Q 1101 il !,ossess allY prac tical 1 lue. O p.lpnble r ·. UI

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27 IIl.ologicol scioneo., by tho imperati vc personal oloiOlS whicb tlooy h."o upon U8. 'l'ho oxcellenco nf our Icgollitemture is knoll'n on ly to tho student of Inw Any well·rcnd lawyer Oli"ht confidco'h' cl13llen"~ . ~ . 0 the proouct.on, from any other deportment of Iitoraturo, of pcrformanCtls which should oxcel in .11 the qU3li ties of n vigorous. IHJrspicuous. and ele!rnnt ox. pression of thought, those which rho rceord~ of ou; ! j udiciol proceeding. contllin. ~V hy 1l.ould IIO tho Inon pt! rfo rm it \\'011 who writes or spcn k~ to Oe rflad Ihrough nil li rhe \Iud ",here,'er taw shall IJe athnini"", 1 0roo ; to fllrn hch the guide (or imrortarlt conlrnct~ , lu defy elrtbornw cri ti cnl rO-view before hi:; own cUPg', , nlld bcfilro n (Jourt, wholfo rig-lit it is to differ from him; to J~ the foun(J:ltion or futuro decision ; to iIIu. mine Ihe p.go of philosophic disqui5ilion 1 What would 110 0 . chol. r hnl'. 1 W ould ho h. 0 forcil)le IIrgumon!? Tioero nro nil Ihe lobour. of .English ono Am.ricn .. judges. Would ho h..'e profollod le.rnin" nod subllety l ' 'fhere nro Coke nnd Eloon. Tho highest nCC omplish ments, decorating the ex treme of professional ~kill 'I There nro E skinc ano Homilly . elen rJ pollshed J and :ltlrucli,'c exposition ? There re Q B1ackslone nud Kcnl.-'I'hc chief glory of a counlry i. iL, li temlure. The hi"hesl inlelleoillal • 0 :lttalllment. is madc in the pursuit~ of litera.ture. The most effccti \'0 nllu permanent pun-er is the I~wl!r of tho pen. ' Vhero arc now the contempom. n es of Coko, who 3SSistcd 10 bring tloBl greal inlelleet 10 .Is perfeclion ? Yet dOlh Ids geni us bl.?e, through Ihe gloom of centuries, with ulldiminished IU8Ire.-

nno ausolute intero8ts, ",ilich nil men ac}(nowlcuge,pcrA(.1IIoll"ccnrily, ,.rol,crly. 8mI (CPU\.;.ltiOIi. In the a C(lui~i t io u of :,uch principles, timo Dud IOOOf are
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T ho tendency of onr profotl!'l ional pur~l1its to ill"ie;'oruhJ tlte mind i:; Oil all ~idcs con fossed. It is di ificult to concei,'c Or:lU cllucah...u PCI':'-OIl . wilhou t ahil ity to furnb;h It I'loll:.>:iblo nm~\\'c r 10 au org nmell l SUl'lccl'tihlu of Itll~\\'c rl if 11le liwo rICH] cirCUnl~HlI' Ct·~ Hrt; conlrnitwd I I) Ili ~ OWII choice. T n Hltl l c at, a mO lilun t'~ I warui ub amJ willi ~If-po~sc ion nit(l dill'litictiolliC, on which iartTe umounls of pr0 l'~rty del'Ulltl.-l ~; pre Cllt oujections which shull benr l~O scrutiny qf n cOllrl , and 11 ymlr afterword!), of nn .. :lppcllatc Iribuli~,I . alld 10 ~tato :III tho ohjcetiol1s,- 10 am.\\ t,:r in~clliouJ( nrgu menl in n fift ie th the time wld ·1t it has taken to cOl1 :o"lru cL it nllli to nnswer it corn:ctly, dcmnnd :1 Ira ill i l1 ~ wh ic;h it fnuy he safely aRirnw·d . 110 other profl;.>$':-:ioll i~ cal)tlulo of impa rt ing. I ~' (: (fl'cl$ lia \'c broil \\·itnCll....etl in othcr profc:I'.sions, wla idl 1~\!lll l :ll e nt hn~ gOllo 10 ado rn . 'rhc splendor 11 11II l'! ~It(rll:\(,'d ill dclibcrnli ,'C 1\~':l,!m"lic:i has com· m:lllfllJil ~(uu'ral lulmim tjon. Il ow i nferi or that loi! " hiclt , while: i l hrill1::':O; the Inr!,!c. t im lllcdinte fruit$, IInpn rl." no nccl\ltSnry incrclhc of powcr amI 110 ~lJm ci ty f(lr hij;;:hur d lu rt.! T ho :\ttHh' nf lh o law (\Jh'nJol 10 the ~ltlflo nt a " Wit ~Sr:Ul~C of lilcr.lltm'. :llmo .. l IIlIua\'('rsl'(l by others. S \)III C 11t'~rl'u of Pfl1licicIlCY in iU l cllcctu i\l llhilo~ phy is jll:.lly cQIl1'litiurud 1\ p"r ~ of :\ finishml ed ucation. \\'l' un. C<Hl t.lw:~lcll 10 tilt) in\'co;tib'"lion of lIloral nnd '

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T ho highest UoMt of tho l.w is ils lilor.ture . • LeI 11 8 ' Iudy it, gentlemen. h i. n largu reposiloryo{ lilBURn wisdom. It is n profound commentary on hum::m nature. It. is 3. true histo-ry or human progress. To ou rselves it opens the only roa<l to use-(nine!!..,;; \0 Ollr clients it s h es the only t'lS!iUrnnCO of . "folY; to our I)rofessio" it slIpplies Iho onl3' hope of cle\'U . lion
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(ALE LAW LI BRARY

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William Augustus Porter, “The introductory address : delivered before the Law Academy of Philadelphia, at the opening of the session of 1849-50 on the 19th September,” St. Mary's Law Digital Repository, accessed November 19, 2018, http://lawspace.stmarytx.edu/item/Porter_IntroductoryAddressDeliveredBeforeTheLawAcademyOfPhiladelphia_1849.

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